NASA Burned Area Product

User GuidePI - Louis Giglio
Product ATBDCo-Is: Luigi Boschetti (U of Idaho), David Roy (SDSU), Krishna Vadrevu (UMD)
Collaborators: Christopher Justice (UMD), Patrick Coronado (NASA GSFC)


Development of a Suomi NPP VIIRS Global Burned Area Earth System Data Record

We propose to develop a VIIRS Burned Area product that will continue in a consistent manner the 15-year MODIS record into the Suomi NPP and JPSS era. This product will thus form the basis for a burned area Earth System data record. There is no heritage JPSS Burned Area product.

The approach will be based on a merged form of the MODIS standard (MCD45A1) and direct broadcast (MCD64A1) burned area mapping algorithms used for Collection 6. We have found that the MCD45 product performes better in cropland burning areas, but the more noise tolerant direct broadcast product performs better under cloudy conditions, but not as well for cropland burning.

It is expected that a Level 3 product will be avaiable from the DAACs at the end of 2016. It will be a daily product produced at 500m to be consistent with MODIS. The climate modeling grid (CMG) product will be produced at 0.25 deg. The Burned Area product and schedule is dependent upon the upstream L3 daily VIIRS Surface Reflectance and Active Fire products.

BurnArea MODIS vs VIIRS

The advent of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites enabled the first systematic production of high quality, 500-m global burned area maps. These data are now used by both the global modeling and fire applications communities. Increasing interest in quantifying changing fire regimes as a result of anthropogenic change and a warming climate make the development of a long-term observation record a priority. The Global Climate Observing System has identified a set of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) needed in support of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change including active fire and burned area. We propose to develop a VIIRS Burned Area product that will continue in a consistent manner the 14- year MODIS record into the Suomi NPP and JPSS era and form the basis for a burned area Earth System data record.


Validation Plan

The VIIRS Burned Area product will use a stratified multitemporal sampling strategy developed for MODIS Collection 6, using strata developed from MODIS active fire data. Landsat-8 image pairs from 2013-2016 (~50 per year) will be utilized, and we will leverage existing GOFC and Direct Broadcast networks for regional expertise.