NASA Earth Science Data Records

The NASA ROSES-13 call for the S-NPP Science Team was for both a Science Team that would produce NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) continuity data products and for the establishment of multiple Science Investigator-led Processing Systems (SIPS) that would produce the science data products developed by the science teams. The science team selections focus on producing refined and/or alternative data products as well as the necessary Earth System Data Records (ESDRs). In this way, NASA assures that high-quality EOS continuity data products for Earth system science and applications, are available for all.

In order to generate and distribute NASA Suomi-NPP VIIRS Land Science products the teams must first develop Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents (ATBDs) prior to transferring for operational processing at the NASA SIPS. Once this transition occurs, the data can be delivered for long-term archiving and distribution at the one of the Distributed Active Archive Centers. Most of the VIIRS Land products have their heritage in MODIS product algorithms, and in some cases early versions of the MODIS code were used by the operational VIIRS algorithm development teams. The VIIRS Land Discipline Team, the Land SIPS, and the Validation leads have established priorities and phased plans for the production of Suomi NPP Land Science Products (see table below). The ATBDs for these products will include updates to reflect the latest MODIS (Collection 6) algorithm principles, as well as the VIIRS instrument capabilities and unique specifications.

NASA EOS Products Collection 1
(updated 5/17/2021)
Collection 2
(updated 5/17/2021)
Surface Reflectance
  • Algorithms delivered and integrated to SIPS

  • Processing of mission period data complete and forward processing in progress

  • Products available to public from DAACs (except Burned Area)

  • ATBDs available

  • User guides available
  • Algorithms delivered to SIPS

  • Product Integration and testing is in progress
Snow Products
Active Fires
Vegetation Index
Ice Surface Temp
Sea Ice Cover
Bleck Marble
  • Algorithms currently in development
Burned Area
  • Not available in this collection
Water Reservoir


NASA's VIIRS Land SIPS generates science data products using algorithms and software developed by the Suomi NPP science teams and delivers the products to NASA-designated DAACs for archive and distribution.

The latest version with the best and most current algorithms is the reprocessing known as VIIRS Collection 1 or C1. Collection 2 reprocessing is being planned to begin in September 2020.

VIIRS Processing by the Land SIPS

Land SIPS processing will be separated into three separate modes, all operating simultaneously:

  • Forward Stream Processing Mode
  • Create the best possible global VIIRS L1B and Land L2/L3 products using the highest fidelity input data sources (requires 24-48 hour delay). Land L2/L3 products are delivered to LP and NSIDC DAACs.

  • Near Real-Time (NRT) Processing Mode
  • Creates low latency global VIIRS products (< 3 hours) within the Land, Atmosphere Near Real-Time Capability for EOS
    (LANCE) system.

  • Experimental Reprocessing and Evaluation Mode
  • Create global VIIRS Level 1B and Land L2/L3 test for review and evaluation by the SNPP Science Team.